Types of Therapies
Psychologists usually draw on one or more psychotherapy theory. The particular theory acts as a roadmap guiding us through the process of understanding clients and their problems as well as developing solutions.
Individual psychotherapy focuses on initial diagnosis, determining the origins of emotions, behavior and symptoms, and helping the client to develop coping mechanisms which will help them deal with their problems and concerns.
Most individual psychotherapies fall into one of six major categories:
In contrast to individual therapy, a therapist working from a family system model would discuss the ways in which the family functions together, what rules are in place, who makes most of the decisions in the family and so on. Parents and siblings would participate in sessions in which the focus would be on aspects of family relationships and function that may be affecting the client’s emotions and/or behavior.
While there are many different branches of family systems therapy, they all agree that familial involvement can be very beneficial to the therapeutic process – regardless of whether the problem is believed to be with just one individual or with the entire group.
Evidence Based Treatment (EBT)
Research studies have shown that some treatments work better than others for specific problems that children and adolescents experience. EBT’s are treatment approaches that are based on scientific evidence and shown to be most effective. Some examples of EBT’s include cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). You can find more information on EBT’s by visiting effectivechildtherapy.org .