Difficulties in non-verbal and verbal communication, social interactions, and play activities are all common with Autism. Autism is a bio-neurological-developmental disability, and it usually manifests before the age of 3 years old. It is hard to diagnose Autism before the age of 24 months. Autism is more common in boys than in girls. There are a few early signs of autism that parents can look out for in their children, such as an absence of “typical” behaviors. For example, an autistic infant may not want to be cuddled and may not look at their mother when they are being fed. Autism varies from person to person, but here are some early signs to be aware of:
- Not responding to their name or to a familiar voice
- Does not make noises to get attention
- Does not make eye contact (Does not smile when being smiled at by an adult).
- Does not seem to hear when someone is talking to them
- Lacking basic social interaction
Autism can also be related to some speech and language difficulties. Here are some signs that may lead to an autism diagnosis:
- Repeats the same words over, and over again.
- Does not understand simple instructions or questions.
- Has a hard time sharing their needs or what they want to others.
- Refers to themselves in third person.
- Speech and language are delayed.
Restricted and repetitive behaviors are also common with individuals on the Autism spectrum. Here are some examples to look for:
- Head banging and hand flapping
- Spinning in a circle and rocking back and forth
- Repeating words or noises
- Snapping or flicking fingers
- Excessively watching moving objects
- Uncalled for scratching
- Flicking the light switch on and off
Autism is a disorder that we have become more aware of. Although, there is no cure for autism, therapy can significantly help with the wide variety of symptoms that are present. Early intervention of autism is important. At Psychological Assessment and Treatment Services we work with a wide range of ages of individuals on the autism spectrum. No two cases of autism look the same, which is why we will tailor therapy to each individual’s needs. We will work collaboratively with the individual and the family to make therapy as beneficial as possible.